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who is pericles

Who is Pericles and why is he important?

Pericles was an Athenian statesman who played a large role in developing democracy in Athens and helped make it the political and cultural center of ancient Greece. Pericles was born in 495 B.C.E. in Athens to an aristocratic family.15 mrt. 2019

What are 5 facts about Pericles?

Here are 12 facts about Pericles.He hailed from a celebrity Athenian family. … His head was slightly out of proportion. … He had a great tutor. … Pericles championed the people. … He oversaw a great Athenian colonisation project. … He oversaw the famous, monumental building programme on Athens’ Acropolis.Meer items…•23 aug. 2019

What did Pericles do for democracy?

He started an ambitious project that generated most of the surviving structures on the Acropolis, including the Parthenon. This project beautified and protected the city, exhibited its glory and gave work to its people. Pericles also fostered Athenian democracy to such an extent that critics called him a populist.

What was Pericles greatest accomplishment?

Pericles’s most important accomplishment was making Athens a more democratic city-state by appointing people to positions based on their skill and abilities instead of their social class.13 dec. 2021

Was Pericles a real person?

Pericles, (born c. 495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.

Was Pericles a good leader?

The oratorical skills of Pericles made him an outstanding leader; he had the courage to articulate, the charisma to lead and the ability to convince and manipulate the population.28 sep. 2019

What does Pericles mean in world history?

Pericles’ name means “surrounded by glory” and he would live up to his name through his efforts to make Athens the greatest of the Greek city-states. His influence on Athenian society, politics, and culture was so great that the historian Thucydides (l.28 mrt. 2018

How did Pericles become a leader?

Between 463 and 461, Pericles worked to prosecute and eventually ostracize Cimon for allegedly betraying Athens and emerged as the leader of Athens’ democratic party. In 454 he led a successful military campaign in Corinth and sponsored the establishment of Athenian colonies in Thrace and on the Black Sea coast.22 aug. 2019

Why did Pericles give his speech?

Pericles’ funeral oration was a speech written by Thucydides and delivered by Pericles for his history of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles delivered the oration not only to bury the dead but to praise democracy. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War.

Why is Pericles called the first citizen?

Pericles opted to play the role of a model for the people of Athens. He was too focused on protecting his privacy, and that is why he chose not to be rendered a public leader by then. Much of his operations were in his capacity as a regular citizen other than a civic leader.

Who was Hippocrates and what was he promising to do?

Hippocrates (c. 460 – c. 370 BC) was a Greek doctor who is called the “father of medicine”. He was the first person to teach that people got sick for scientific reasons….Hippocrates.Hippocrates of KosDiedc. 370 BC Larissa, Ancient GreeceOccupationPhysicianEraClassical GreeceTitleThe Father of Western MedicineNog 3 rijen

Who is Socrates philosophy?

Socrates (/ˈsɒkrətiːz/; Greek: Σωκράτης; c. 470–399 BC) was a Greek philosopher from Athens who is credited as the founder of Western philosophy and among the first moral philosophers of the ethical tradition of thought.

Who is the king of Sparta?

Leonidas, (died 480 bc, Thermopylae, Locris [Greece]), Spartan king whose stand against the invading Persian army at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece is one of the enduring tales of Greek heroism, invoked throughout Western history as the epitome of bravery exhibited against overwhelming odds.

Why is Pericles usually portrayed wearing a helmet?

Made soon after Pericles died in the Athenian plague of 429 BC, he wears the Corinthian helmet that signifies his position as strategos, commander of the army in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC), a war between Sparta and Athens and their allies that, after twenty-seven years of intermittent fighting, left Sparta in …

Was Pericles assassinated?

One of the victims of the plague that swept Athens in 430 BC was Pericles himself. According to the historian Thucydides: ‘… The plague seized Pericles, not with sharp and violent fits, but with a dull lingering distemper, wasting the strength of his body and undermining his noble soul.

When did Pericles become king?

Pericles quickly seized the helm, organizing democratic institutions throughout the city and in 461 becoming the ruler of Athens—a title he would hold until his death. The period from 460 to 429 is in fact often referred to as the Age of Pericles in Ancient Greek history.2 apr. 2014

How was Pericles educated?

Pericles received the best education available, studying music under Damon and mathematics under Zeno of Elea. His greatest influence was a scholar named Anaxagoras, who taught him how to make speeches and was a model of the calm style that Pericles would use in politics.

Who ruled after Pericles?

Cleon (/ˈkliːɒn, -ən/; Greek: Κλέων, Ancient Greek: [kléɔːn]; died 422 BC) was an Athenian general during the Peloponnesian War.

What can we learn from Pericles?

10 Life Lessons From PericlesEmbed myself in the souls of men. … Defend freedom. … Work for future generations. … Patience. … Use wealth (in a useful way) … Do what is my duty. … Accept the risks for others. … Don’t compete with the living.Meer items…•2 apr. 2017

What were the leadership qualities of Pericles?

The name Pericles in Greek means ‘Surrounded by Glory’, which became fitting for the leader he was to become and what he achieved during his lifetime. Pericles could be summarised as the following, innovative, bold, tough, intuitive, a risk taker and stoic.

Why was Pericles death important?

Pericles’ death was significant. … Because of democratic fickleness, with or without Pericles the Athenians were doomed for defeat, and therefore the death of Pericles was not the key turning point, rather it was only a factor which determined the length of the Peloponnesian War.

What type of government was Pericles describing?

The type of government that Pericles was describing was a democracy. In his funeral oration he stated that “A men may serve his country no matter how low his position on the social scale” (Document 3). In Athens, every free citizen had an equal opportunity to advance and to serve their country.

Who won the Peloponnesian War?

Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

Who was the first Spartan king?

Agis I, (flourished 11th century bc?), early Spartan king, traditionally held to be the son of Eurysthenes (in legend, one of the twins who founded Sparta). Because the Agiad line of kings was named after him, Agis was perhaps a historical figure.

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