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who is dr malone

Who is the scientist that developed the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine?

Katalin Kariko, PhD, a senior vice president at BioNTech, and Drew Weissman, MD, PhD, a professor in vaccine research at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, made a breakthrough discovery by modifying messenger RNA (mRNA), which provides instructions to cells to make proteins.

How long has the mRNA vaccine been around?

mRNA vaccines have been studied before for flu, Zika, rabies, and cytomegalovirus (CMV). As soon as the necessary information about the virus that causes COVID-19 was available, scientists began designing the mRNA instructions for cells to build the unique spike protein into an mRNA vaccine.

Can you still get COVID-19 after vaccine?

Most people who get COVID-19 are unvaccinated. However, since vaccines are not 100% effective at preventing infection, some people who are fully vaccinated will still get COVID-19. An infection of a fully vaccinated person is referred to as a “breakthrough infection.”

Will the vaccine mandate be lifted in Ontario?

Outside long-term care, the province has lifted proof-of-vaccination rules and capacity limits in most public settings. As of Monday, vaccination policies are no longer required in hospitals, schools and child-care settings, and the provincial mask mandate is due to lift next week.2 days ago

Who makes Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine?

Manufacturer: ModernaTX, Inc.

Why are Moderna and Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine side effects worse after the second shot?

Side effects from both the Moderna and Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines are more common after the second dose. This is because your immune system recognizes the virus spike protein from the first dose of the vaccine and mounts a stronger response.

Are mRNA COVID-19 vaccines safe?

mRNA vaccines are safe and effective.mRNA vaccines have been held to the same rigorous safety and effectiveness standards as all other types of vaccines in the United States.

Do mRNA COVID-19 vaccines cause heart inflammation?

These cases typically occur in male adolescents and young adults after the second dose, and within a week of vaccination. It is important to seek medical care if symptomatic (chest pain, shortness of breath, having a fast beating, fluttering, or pounding heart).

Is there a live virus in the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines?

The mRNA vaccines do not contain any live virus. Instead, they work by teaching our cells to make a harmless piece of a “spike protein,” which is found on the surface of the virus that causes COVID-19. After making the protein piece, cells display it on their surface.

Why do some people still get COVID-19 after being fully vaccinated?

Because vaccines are not 100% effective, as the number of people who are fully vaccinated goes up, the number of vaccine breakthrough infections will also increase. However, the risk of infection remains much higher for unvaccinated than vaccinated people.

Does the COVID-19 vaccine reduce your chances of getting Covid?

COVID 19-vaccines are effective and can lower your risk of getting and spreading the virus that causes COVID-19. COVID-19 vaccines also help prevent serious illness and death in children and adults even if they do get COVID-19.

How does the COVID-19 vaccine boost your immune system?

Vaccines work by stimulating your immune system to produce antibodies, exactly like it would if you were exposed to the disease. After getting vaccinated, you develop immunity to that disease, without having to get the disease first.

Is it mandatory to get a COVID-19 vaccine in the workplace?

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration COVID-19 Vaccination and Testing Emergency Temporary Standard applies to all employers with 100+ employees and requires all employees to be vaccinated against COVID-19 or be tested on a weekly basis and to have a negative test before coming to work.

Do I need to wear a mask after getting the COVID-19 vaccine?

After you are fully vaccinated for COVID-19, take these steps to protect yourself and others: In general, you do not need to wear a mask in outdoor settings. If you are in an area with high numbers of COVID-19 cases, consider wearing a mask in crowded outdoor settings and when you are in close contact with others who are not fully vaccinated

What is the percentage of people who need to be immune against COVID-19 in order to achieve herd immunity?

See full answerWe are still learning about immunity to COVID-19. Most people who are infected with COVID-19 develop an immune response within the first few weeks, but we don’t know how strong or lasting that immune response is, or how it differs for different people. There have also been reports of people infected with COVID-19 for a second time. Until we better understand COVID-19 immunity, it will not be possible to know how much of a population is immune and how long that immunity last for, let alone make future predictions. These challenges should preclude any plans that try to increase immunity within a population by allowing people to get infected.

What is the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine?

Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine is authorized for use under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for active immunization to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in individuals 18 years of age and older. For intramuscular injection only.

Is there a difference between the Moderna COVID-19 booster and Moderna third shot?

In the case of Moderna, the booster dose is only half of the original dose. Unlike boosters, third/additional doses of COVID-19 vaccines are for people who received the complete starter series of vaccines but then their immune systems didn’t have a good enough response.

Are egg products used in COVID-19 vaccines?

The COVID-19 vaccines currently authorized by the FDA are not manufactured using egg products or egg culture. See COVID-19 vaccines for more information.

Is it normal that I feel worse after second COVID-19 shot?

This is normal and expected, but it doesn’t happen to everyone. Even if you feel worse after the second shot, the side effects should still resolve within a few days.

Is it normal to have side effects after second COVID-19 vaccine?

Side effects after your second shot may be more intense than the ones you experienced after your first shot. These side effects are normal signs that your body is building protection and should go away within a few days.

Is it normal for the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines to cause swelling in the armpit?

The swelling in the armpit was a recognized side effect in the large trials of the Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines. According to The New York Times, in Moderna’s study, “11.6% of patients reported swollen lymph nodes after the first dose, and 16% after the second dose.

Are there any safety concerns concerning mRNA technology of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine?

FDA does not have specific safety concerns with a vaccine that utilizes this technology.

Who should not take the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine?

If you have had a severe allergic reaction to any ingredient in the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine (such as polyethylene glycol), you should not get this vaccine. If you had a severe allergic reaction after getting a dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, you should not get another dose of an mRNA vaccine.

How does the mRNA from the COVID-19 vaccine work?

Messenger RNA is a type of RNA that is necessary for protein production. In cells, mRNA uses the information in genes to create a blueprint for making proteins. Once cells finish making a protein, they quickly break down the mRNA. mRNA from vaccines does not enter the nucleus and does not alter DNA.

What are the types of heart inflammation associated with COVID-19?

The type of heart inflammation that has been associated with COVID-19 vaccines is myocarditis, inflammation of the heart muscle itself. Both myocarditis and pericarditis have been associated with COVID-19 illness. Causes of heart inflammation There are a number of causes of heart inflammation.

Is it safe to get the COVID-19 vaccine if you have heart palpitations?

A heart condition does not make side effects (or a severe reaction) any more likely. According to the American Heart Association, the risk of complications from the vaccine is very small, even for people with underlying health conditions.

Can COVID-19 cause heart problems?

The heart inflammation caused by COVID-19 can directly cause myocarditis. Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle that can impact a heart’s ability to pump, leading to hazardous heart rhythms. When someone has this condition, it can be very dangerous to exercise.

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